Alberto Velando 
Research interests Phenotypic integration
Sexual selection in a life-history context
Evolution of aging
Social evolution
Seabird conservation
Publications  pdf files are made available for teaching and scientific purposes only, the copyright remains in  every case with the copyright owner 
2019   Noguera JC, Velando A. 2019. Bird embryos perceive vibratory cues of predation risk from clutch mates. Nature Ecology and Evolution 3, 1225–1232
    Velando, A., Noguera, J.C., da Silva, A., Kim, S-Y. 2019. Redox-regulation and life-history trade-offs: scavenging mitochondrial ROS improves growth in a wild bird. Scientific Reports 9,  2203
    Kim S-Y, Noguera JC & Velando A. 2019. Carry-over effects of early thermal conditions on somatic and germline oxidative damages are mediated by compensatory growth in sticklebacks. Journal Animal Ecology 88, 473-483
2018   Alvarez, G. Barros, A, Velando, A. 2018. The use of European shag pellets as indicators of microplastic fibers in the marine environment. Marine Pollution Bulletin 137, 444-448
    Morales J, Velando A. 2018. Coloration of chicks modulates costly interactions among family members. Behavioral Ecology  29, 894-903
    Oro D, Álvarez D, Velando A. 2018. Complex demographic heterogeneity from anthropogenic impacts in a coastal marine predator. Ecological Applications 28, 612-621
    Morales J, Lucas A, Velando A. 2018. Maternal programming of offspring antipredator behavior in a seabird. Behavioral Ecology 29, 479-485
Noguera JC, Aira M, Pérez-Losada M, Velando A. 2018. Glucocorticoids modulate gastrointestinal microbiome in a wild. Royal Society Open Science 5, 171743
2017   Noguera JC, Kim S-Y, Velando A. 2017. Family-transmitted stress in a wild bird. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 114:6794-6799
    Velando A, Costa MM,  Kim S-Y. 2017. Sex-specific phenotypes and metabolism-related gene expression in juvenile sticklebacks. Behavioral Ecology 28, 1553–1563
    Kim S-Y, Costa MM, Esteve-Codina A, Velando A. 2017. Transcriptional mechanisms underlying life-history responses to climate change in the three-spined stickleback. Evolutionary Applications 10:718-730
    Kim S-Y, Metcalfe NB, da Silva A, Velando A. 2017. Thermal conditions during early life influence seasonal maternal strategies in the three-spined stickleback. BMC Ecology 17:34
    Díaz-Real J, Kim S-Y, Velando A. 2017. Plumage colour and the expression of stress-related genes in gull chicks. Journal Avian Biology 48, 1216-1225
    Velando A, Moran P, Romero R, Fernandez J, Piorno V. 2017. Invasion and eradication of the American mink in the Atlantic Islands National Park (NW Spain): A retrospective analysis. Biological Invasions  19, 1227–1241
2016   Barros A, Romero R, Munilla I, Pérez C, Velando A. 2016. Behavioural plasticity in nest-site selection of a colonial seabird in response to an invasive carnivore.Biological Invasions 18:3149–3161
    Díaz-Real J, Kim S-Y, Velando A. 2016 Hatching hierarchy but not egg-related effects governs behavioral phenotypes in gull chicks. Behavioral Ecology 27, 1782-1789
2015 Velando A, Barros Á , Moran P. 2015. Heterozygosity–fitness correlations in a declining seabird population. Molecular ecology 24, 1007-1018
Kim S-Y, Velando A. 2015. Phenotypic integration between anti-predator behaviour and camouflage pattern in juvenile sticklebacks. Evolution, 69, 830-83
Kim S-Y, Velando A. 2015. Antioxidants safeguard telomeres in bold chicks. Biology Letters, 11, 20150211
González-Solís J , Díaz M ,  Velando A,  Tella JL,  Amat JA,  Arroyo B et al. , 2015. Anillamiento científico: estado actual y perspectivas de futuro. Quercus, 354,  23-28
2014 Velando, A, Beamonte-Barrientos, R,  Torres, R. 2014. Enhanced male coloration after immune challenge increases reproductive potential. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 27, 1582-1589
Barros, A., Alvarez, D., Velando, A. 2014. Long-term reproductive impairment in a seabird after the Prestige oil spill. Biology Letters, 10, 20131041
Kim, S-Y & Velando, A. 2014. Stickleback males increase red coloration and courtship behaviours in the presence of a competitive rival. Ethology 120, 502-510
Fargallo, JA, Velando, A,   López-Rull, I, Gañán, N,  Lifshitz, N,  Wakamatsu, K,  Torres, R. 2014. Sex-specific phenotypic integration: endocrine profiles, coloration, and behavior in fledgling boobies. Behavioral Ecology 25, 76-87.
Beamonte-Barrientos, R, Velando, A,  Torres, R. 2014. Age-dependent effects of carotenoids on sexual ornaments and reproductive performance of a long-lived seabird. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology,68, 115-126.
Lucas, A,  Morales, J,  Velando, A. 2014. Differential effects of specific carotenoids on oxidative damage and immune response of gull chicks  The Journal of Experimental Biology, 217, 1253-1262
2013 Moreno, J, Velando, A,  González‐Braojos, S,  Ruiz‐de‐Castañeda, R,  Cantarero A. 2013. Females Paired with More Attractive Males Show Reduced Oxidative Damage: Possible Direct Benefits of Mate Choice in Pied Flycatchers  Ethology 119, 727-737
Velando, A, Kim S-Y, Noguera JC. 2013. Begging response of gull chicks to the red spot on the parental bill. Animal Behaviour, 85, 1359–1366
Barros, A., Alvarez, D., Velando, A. 2013. Cormorán moñudo – Phalacrocorax aristotelis. En: Enciclopedia Virtual de los Vertebrados Españoles. Salvador, A., Morales, M. B. (Eds.). Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, Madrid.
Barros, A. Álvarez, D. & Velando, A. 2013. Climate influence on  fledgling sex ratio and sex-specific dispersal in a seabird. Plos One  8(8): e71358. 
Morales, J &  Velando A. 2013. Signals in family conflicts.  Animal Behaviour, 85, 1359–1366
Kim S-Y, Noguera JC,  Velando A. 2013. Vitamins, stress and growth: the availability of antioxidants in early life influences the expression of cryptic genetic variation. Journal of Evolutionary Biology,26,  1341–1352 
Noguera JC, Kim S-Y, Velando A. 2013. Maternal testosterone influences a begging component that makes fathers work harder in chick provisioning. Hormones & Behaviour, 64, 19-25.
Domínguez, J & Velando, A. 2013. Sexual selection in earthworms: Mate choice, sperm competition, differential allocation and partner manipulation. Applied Soil Ecology, 69, 21–27
2012 Alonso-Alvarez, C. & Velando A. 2012. Benefits and costs of parental care. In Royle, N. J., Smiseth, P. T. & Kölliker, M. (eds.).  The evolution of parental care. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp  40-61.
Noguera, J.C., Dean, R., Isaksson, C., Velando, A. & Pizzari, T.2012  Age-specific oxidative status and the expression of pre- and post-copulatory sexually-selected traits in male red junglefowl Gallus gallus. Ecology & Evolution 2, 2155-2167.
Noguera JC, Kim S-Y, Velando A. 2012 Pre-fledgling oxidative damage predicts recruitment in a long-lived bird. Biology Letters 8: 61-63
Morales J, Torres R, Velando A  2012. Safe betting: males help dull females only when they raise high-quality offspring. Behavioral Ecology & Sociobiology 66:135-143
Porto  PG, Domínguez J. & Velando A. 2012 Multiple mating increases cocoon hatching success in the earthworm Eisenia andrei (Oligochaeta: Lumbricidae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 107, 175-181
Moreno, J., Velando, A.,  Ruiz-de-Castañeda, R., González-Braojos, S., &   Cantarero, A. 2012. Oxidative damage in relation to a female plumage badge: evidence for signalling costs. Acta Ethologica 16, 65-75
2011 Torres, R, Drummond, H, Velando A. 2011. Parental age and lifespan influence offspring recruitment: A Long-Term Study in a Seabird. Plos One  6(11): e27245.
Noguera, J.C., Lores, M., Alonso-Álvarez, C. &Velando, A. 2011. Thrifty development: early-life diet restriction reduces oxidative damage during later growth. Functional Ecology  25, 1114-1153
Kim S-Y, Noguera JC, Morales J & Velando A. 2011. The evolution of multi-component begging display in gull chicks: sibling competition and genetic variability. Animal Behaviour 82, 113-118.
Velando A., Noguera JC,  Drummond H, & Torres R. 2011 Senescent males carry premutagenic lesions in sperm. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 24, 693–697.
Kim S-Y, Velando A,  Torres R. & Drummond H. 2011.Effects of recruiting age on senescence, lifespan and lifetime reproductive success in a long-lived seabird. Oecologia 166, 615-626 
Moreno, J. Velando, A., Ruiz-De-Castañeda R., Cantarero, A., Gonzalez-Braojos, S., Redondo A. 2011. Plasma antioxidant capacity and oxidative damage in relation to male plumage ornamental traits in a montane Iberian Pied Flycatcher Ficedula hypoleuca popu
Velando, A.,  Munilla, I. 2011. Disturbance to a foraging seabird by sea-based tourism: Implications for reserve management in marine protected areas. Biological Conservation 144, 1167–1174.
Munilla I, Arcos JM, Oro D, Álvarez D, Leyenda PM,Velando A 2011. Mass mortality of seabirds in the aftermath of the Prestige oil spill. Ecosphere  2, a83
Moreno, R., Jover, L, Munilla, I, Velando, A., Sanpera C. 2011. The influence of trophic ecology and spatial variation on the isotopic fingerprints of seabirds. Marine Ecology Progress Series 442: 229–239.
Kim S-Y, Noguera JC, Morales J & Velando A. 2011. Quantitative genetic evidence for trade-off between growth and resistance to oxidative stress in a wild bird. Evolutionary Ecology  25, 461-472.
Morales J, Velando A, Torres R 2011. Biliverdin-based egg coloration is enhanced by carotenoid supplementation. Behavioral Ecology & Sociobiology  65:197–203
Kim S-Y, Drummond H, Torres R & Velando A. 2011. Evolvability of an avian life-history trait declines with father's age. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 24: 295–302.
Noguera JC, Alonso-Alvarez C, Kim S-Y, Morales J,Velando A. 2011. Yolk testosterone reduces oxidative damages during postnatal development.Biology Letters 7: 93-95.
2010 Torres R and Velando A. 2010. Color in a Long-lived Tropical Seabird: Sexual Selection in a Life- history Context. In Advances in the Study of Behaviour. Behavioral Ecology of Tropical Animals, Ed. Regina Macedo. Vol 42. ISBN 9780123808943.
Pérez, C., Lores, M., Velando, A. 2010.Oil pollution increases plasma antioxidants but reduces coloration in a seabird. Oecologia 163: 875-884.
Velando, A.,  Munilla, I, López-Alonso, M.,  Freire, J., Pérez, C. 2010. EROD activity and stable isotopes in seabirds to disentangle marine food web contamination after the Prestige oil spill. Environmental Pollution 158: 1275-1280.
Kim, S.-Y., Noguera, J.C. Morales, J., Velando, A.2010. Heritability of resistance to oxidative stress in early life. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 23: 769-775.
Beamonte-Barrientos, R., Velando, A., Drummond, H., Torres, R. Senescence of maternal effects: aging influences egg quality and rearing capacities of a long-lived bird. American Naturalist 175: 469–480.
Munilla, I., & Velando, A. 2010. Oiling in live gulls as a tool to monitor acute oil spill effects on seabirds. Ibis 152: 405 - 409.
Velando, A., Drummond, H., Torres, R. 2010.Senescing sexual ornaments recover after a sabbatical. Biology Letters 6: 194-196.
Kim, S.-Y., Velando, A., Sorci, G., Alonso-Alvarez, C. 2010. Genetic correlation between resistance to oxidative stress and reproductive lifespan in a bird species. Evolution 64: 852–857.
Noguera, J.C., Morales, J., Pérez, C. Velando, A.2010. On the oxidative cost of begging: Antioxidants enhance vocalizations in gull chicks. Behavioral Ecology 21: 479-484.
Morales, J., Torres, R., Velando, A.  2010. Parental conflict and blue egg coloration in a seabird Naturwissenschaften 97:173–180.
Moreno, R., Jover, L, Munilla, I, Velando, A., Sanpera C. 2010. A three-isotope approach to disentangling the diet of a generalist consumer: the yellow-legged gull in northwest Spain. Marine Biology 157:545–553.
Pérez, C., Munilla, I., López-Alonso, M. & Velando, A. 2010.  Sublethal effects on seabirds after thePrestige oil-spill are mirrored in sexual signals. Biology Letters 6, 33-35
2009 Morales, J., Alonso-Álvarez, C, Pérez, C, Torres, R,  Serafino, E. & Velando, A. 2009. Families on the spot: sexual signals influence parent-offspring negotiations Proceedings of the Royal Society London B 276, 2477-2483
Velando, A. & Torres, R. 2009. Evolución de la Coloración en la Aves: Darwin Reivindicado. En: Evolución y Adaptación 150 años después del Origen de las Especies (Dopazo, H. & Navarro A. Eds). Obrapropia, Valencia.
Domínguez, J. & Velando, A. 2009. Darwin y las Lombrices de Tierra: Selección Sexual en Animales Hermafroditas En: Evolución y Adaptación 150 años después del Origen de las Especies (Dopazo, H. & Navarro A. Eds). Obrapropia, Valencia.
Munilla, I. & Velando, A. 2009. Plan Integral de Recuperación e Conservación das Aves Mariñas Ameazadas de Galicia . Consellería de Medio Ambiente e Desenvolvemento Sostible, Xunta de Galicia  [141pp Book]
Morales, J. Velando, A. Torres, R. 2009. Fecundity limits attractiveness when pigments are scarce. Behavioral Ecology  20: 117-123
2008 Velando, A. Torres, R., Alonso-Alvarez, C. 2008. Avoiding bad genes: Oxidatively damaged DNA in germ line and mate choice. BioEssays  30:1212–1219
Morales, J. Velando, A.,  Moreno, J. 2008. Pigment allocation to eggs decreases plasma antioxidants in a songbird. Behavioural Ecology & Sociobiology 63 (2), 227-233
Pérez, C., Lores, M., Velando, A. 2008. Availability of non-pigmentary antioxidant affects red coloration in gulls. Behavioral Ecology 19: 967-973
Velando, A. & Munilla, I. 2008. Plan de Conservación del Cormorán Moñudo en el Parque Nacional de las Islas Atlánticas. Universidade de Vigo. [156pp Book]
Velando, A., Eiroa, J. & Domínguez J. 2008.Brainless but not clueless: Earthworms boost their ejaculates when they detect fecund nonvirgin partners. Proceedings of the Royal Society London B 275:1067-72
Pérez, C., Velando, A., Munilla, I. Lopez-Alonso, M. Oro, D. 2008. Monitoring PAH pollution in the marine environment after the Prestige oil-spill by means of seabird blood analysis. Environmental Science & Technology, 42, 707–713
2007 Torres, R. & Velando, A. 2007. Male reproductive senescence: The price of immune-induced oxidative damage on sexual attractiveness in the blue-footed booby. Journal Animal Ecology 76:1161-1168
Alonso-Alvarez, C., Perez, C.., Velando, A. 2007. Effects of acute exposure to heavy fuel oil from the Prestige spill on a seabird. Aquatic Toxicology 84:103-110
Álvarez, D. & Velando, A. 2007 El Cormorán moñudo en España y Gibraltar. Población en 2006-2007 y método de censo. SEO/Birdlife. Madrid [Book 82pp]
Munilla, I., Díez, C. &  Velando, A. 2007. Are edge bird populations doomed to extinction? A retrospective analysis of the common guillemot collapse in Iberia. Biological Conservation 137: 359-371
Alonso-Alvarez, C., Munilla, I. López; M., Velando, A. 2007. Sublethal toxicity of the Prestige oil spill on yellow-legged gulls Environment International 33: 773-781
Aira, M, Domínguez, J, Monroy, F & Velando, A.2007. Stress promotes changes in resource allocation to growth and reproduction in a simultaneous hermaphrodite with indeterminate growth Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 91: 593–600
2006 Velando, A. Beamonte, R & Torres R. 2006. Pigment-based skin colour in the blue-footed booby: an honest signal of current condition used by females to adjust reproductive investment. Oecologia 149: 543-552
Velando, A. Drummond, H. & Torres R. 2006.Senescent birds redouble reproductive effort when ill: confirmation of the terminal investment hypothesis. Proceedings of the Royal Society London B 273: 1443–1448
Martínez-Abraín, A.  Velando, A. Genovart, M. . Gerique, C  Bartolomé,M. A.  Villuendas, E.  Sarzo,  B. & Oro, D. 2006. Sex-specific mortality of European shags during an oil spill: demographic implications for the recovery of colonies. Marine Ecology Progress Series 318: 271-276
Tato, A., Velando, A., Domínguez, J. 2006. Influence of size and partner preference on the female function of the earthworm Eisenia andrei (Oligochaeta, Lumbricidae) European Journal of Soil Biology 42:s331-333
Pérez, C.,  Velando, A. & Domínguez, J. 2006. Parental food conditions influence sex-specific embryo mortality in the yellow-legged gull (Larus michahellis). Journal of Ornithology 147:513–519
Velando, A., J. Dominguez, and A. Ferreiro. 2006.Inbreeding and outbreeding reduces cocoon production in the earthworm Eisenia andrei.European Journal of Soil Biology 42:s354-357
Monroy, F., Aira, M. Domínguez, J. & Velando, A.  2006 Seasonal population dynamics of Eisenia fetida(Savigny, 1826) (Oligochaeta, Lumbricidae) in the field. C. R. Biologies 329:  912–915
Martínez-Abraín, A., Oro, D., Velando, A., Genovart, M., Gerique, C., Bartolomé, M. A., Sarzo; B. & Villuendas, E. 2006. Morphometric similarities between central and peripheral populations of the European shag Phalacrocorax aristotelis. Marine Ornitholog
2005 Velando, A., Torres, R. & Espinosa, I. 2005. Male coloration and chick condition in blue-footed booby: a cross-fostering experiment. Behavioural Ecology & Sociobiology 58: 175–180
Torres, R. & Velando, A.  2005. Male preference for female foot colour in a seabird with a mixed mating strategy. Animal Behaviour 69: 59-65
Velando, A., Munilla, I. & Leyenda, P.M. 2005. Short-term indirect effects of the Prestige oil spill on a marine top predator: changes in prey availability for European shags. Marine Ecology Progress Series 302: 263–274
Velando, A., Álvarez, D., Mouriño, J., Arcos, F., Barros, A. 2005. Population trends and reproductive success of European Shag following the Prestige oil spill in the Iberian Peninsula. Journal of Ornithology 146: 116-120
Monroy, F., Aira, M, Velando, A, Domínguez, J,  2005. Size-assortative mating in the earthwormEisenia fetida (Oligochaeta, Lumbricidae). J Ethology 23: 69-70
Domínguez, J. Velando, A. & Ferreiro, A. 2005. AreEisenia fetida E. andrei separtarate biological species? Pedobiologia 49: 81-87
Velando, A. 2005. Planes de conservación de especies amenazadas. In: F. Rodríguez [Ed.]. Galicia. Ecología. Tomo XLV: Conservación. Hercules de Ediciones, A Coruña.
2004 Velando, A. 2004. Female control in yellow-legged gull: trading paternity assurance for food. Animal Behaviour  67: 899-907
Velando, A. & Alvarez, D. 2004. Cormoran Moñudo,Phalacrocorax aristotelis aristotelis. In A. Madroño, C. Gonzalez & J.C. Atienza [eds.], Libro Rojo de las Aves de España. Ministerio de Medio Ambiente-SEO/Birdlife, Madrid. pp 60-62
2003 Torres, R. & Velando, A. 2003. A dynamic trait affects continuous pair assessment in the blue-footed booby, Sula nebouxii Behavioural Ecology and Sociobiology 55: 65-72
Velando, A. & Alonso-Alvarez, C. 2003. Differential body condition regulation by males and females in response to experimental manipulations of brood size and parental effort in the blue-footed Booby. Journal Animal Ecology 72: 846-856
Velando, A. & Freire, J. 2003. Nest-Site Characterictics, Ocupation and Breeding Success in the European Shag. Waterbirds 26: 473-483
Domínguez, J,  Velando, A, Aira, M & Monroy, F. 2003. Uniparental reproduction of Eisenia fetida andE. andrei (Oligochaeta: Lumbricidae): evidence of self-insemination. Pedobiología, 47: 530-534
Alonso-Alvarez, C. & Velando, A. 2003. Female body condition and brood sex ratio in Yellow-legged GullsLarus cachinnans. Ibis 145: 220-226.
Alvarez, D., Muntaner J. & Velando, A. 2003. Cormorán moñudo Phalacrocorax aristotelis. En: R. Martí & J.C. del Moral (eds): Atlas de las aves reproductoras de España.DGCN-SEO. pp 102-103
Monroy, F., Aira, M, Velando, A, Domínguez, J, & 2003. Have spermatophores in Eisenia fetida(Oligochaeta, Lumbricidae) any reproductive role? Pedobiología, 47: 526-529
2002 Velando, A. & Marquez, J.C. 2002 Predation risk and habitat selection in the inca tern (Larosterna inca). Canadian Journal of Zoology 80: 1117-1123
Velando, A. 2002. Experimental manipulation of maternal effort produces diferential effect on sons and daugthers. Implications for adaptive sex ratios in blue-footed booby. Behavioral Ecology 13: 443-449
Velando, A. & Freire, J. 2002. Population modelling of European shag at their southern limit: conservation implications. Biological Conservation: 107: 59-69.
Velando, A., Graves, J. & Ortega-Ruano, J.E. 2002. Sex ratio in relation to timing of breeding, and laying sequence in a dimorphic seabird. Ibis 144: 9-16.
Alonso-Alvarez, C., Velando, A. & Ferrer, M. 2002. Changes in Body Mass and Plasma Chemistry during the Incubation Period in the Yellow-legged Gull (Larus cachinnans). Waterbirds: 25: 253-258.
Alonso-Alvarez, C., Ferrer, M. & Velando, A. 2002. Plasmatic indices of body condition in yellow-legged Gulls (Larus cachinnans): a food-controlled experiment  Ibis: 147-150.
2001 Velando, A. Lessells, C.M. & Marquez, J.C. 2001. The function of female and male ornaments in the Inca Tern: evidence for links between ornament expression and both adult condition and reproductive performance. Journal of Avian Biology 32: 311-318.
Velando, A. 2001 Postfledging crèche behaviour in European shag. J. Ethology 19: 116-122
Velando, A. & Freire, J. 2001. Can the central-periphery distribution become general in seabird colonies? Nest spatial pattern in the European Shag. Condor 103: 544-554
Alonso-Alvarez, C & Velando, A. 2001. Effect of testosterone on behaviour of yellow legged gulls in a high density colony during the courtship period. Ethology  Ecology & Sociobiology  13: 343-351.
1994-2000 Velando, A. 2000. The importance of the hatching date on dominance of young shags. Animal Behaviour 60:181-185.
Velando, A., Graves, J. & Freire, J. 2000. Sex-specific growth in the European Shag Stictocarbo aristotelis, a seabird with size dimorphism. Ardea 88: 127-136
Velando, A & Freire, J. 1999. Intercolony and seasonal differences in the breeding diet of European shags on the Galician coast (NW Spain). Marine Ecology Progress Series 188: 225-236.
Velando, A., Ortega-Ruano, J.E. & Freire, J. 1999. Chick mortality in European shag Stictocarbo aristotelis related to food limitations during adverse weather events. Ardea 87: 51-59.
Velando, A. Docampo, F. & Alvarez, D. 1999. Status of European shag population on the Atlantic coast of Iberian peninsula. Atlantic Seabird 1: 105-114.
Velando, A. & Freire, J. 1999. Coloniabilidad y conservación de aves marinas: El caso del cormorán moñudo. Etologia 7: 55-62
Costas, R. & Velando, A. 1997. Cormorán moñudoPhalacrocorax aristotelis. En: Atlas Ornitológico Español Seo/BirdLife, pp 38-39.
Docampo, F. & Velando, A. 1994. Análisis de las recuperaciones de Gaviota Tridáctila Rissa tridactyla en la Península Ibérica. Butll. GCA 11: 39-44.
past  and present Dr. Roxana Torres - Universidad Autónoma de México   
Dr. Carlos Alonso-Alvarez - Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, CSIC   
Dr. Jorge Domínguez - Universidade de Vigo  
Dr. Ignacio Munilla  -  Munilla Biodiversidade
Dr Judith Morales -  Museo Nacional Ciencias Naturales    
Dr Juan Moreno -Museo Nacional Ciencias Naturales  
Dr. David Alvarez - Universidad de Oviedo 
Dr. Daniel Oro - IMEDEA, CSIC
Dr Hugh Drummond - Universidad Autónoma de México   
Dr. Juan Freire - Universidade da Coruña   
Dr. Jose Eugenio Ortega-Ruano - Universidad Autónoma de Madrid
Dr. Kate Lessells - NIOO-KNAW Centre for Terrestrial Ecology   
Dr. Jeff Graves - University of St Andrews   
Jose Carlos Márquez - Instituto del Mar del Perú